Intermittently the term lumber refers just too solid wood. In other words, wood that’s milled from a tree, as opposed to concoct products and sheet goods such as plywood or MDF. There a lot of preference and myriad wood variants accessible around the world and requisite industry jargon to confuse anyone.

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Imminent ahead I’ll try to boil it down to the basics that you need to get started. Limiting my words to the most habitual materials you’ll use for woodworking are Hardwood, softwood, plywood, MDF, though it just scratches the surface but it should be ample to vouchsafe the credence to head over to your local home center or lumberyard and make an informed buying decision, most extortionate ones in the world in keeping to the point.

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SPECIES OF HARDWOOD

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Technically, a hardwood is any wood that comes from a deciduous tree, one that has leaves like an oak or maple and typically they are physically harder than softwood. When you think of fine furniture and archetypal wood working you probably envisage wood species to build something that‘ll last for hundreds of years and hardwood is a fabulous alternative. The assortment of exotic hardwood are almost limitless and can be a lot of fun to experiment with its typically inflexible as juxtapose to other woods which serves for its heavy-duty and sturdiness. Generally it is found in dark color, giving a vintage touch of finesse to your furnishing. Grain patterns are closely locked giving a phenomenal vicinity.

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SALWOOD

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Widely known as prized wood for furniture making. It’s hard-wearing and comeliness makes it the most demanded timber heterogeneity for commercial furniture construction. Malaysian Sal wood is most fit for timber. It’s multifaceted adroitness, finely merge in with the entourage, architecture and interior. On the whole used in augmentation of exceptional furniture. Customarily it’s free from typical deformity but can sometimes carries visible excrescence.

HONNE WOOD

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It’s one among the prodigious wood used to augment fine wood, originating from Australia.

Predominantly applaud for its heterogeneity, performance, resistant to termites, imperishable and accomplished to endure extreme climatic conditions. For this superiority, it’s used in outdoor construction as well, has mild oil content and moist timber wood. Free from typical defects.

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AFRICAN PEARWOOD

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These species of trees are found in Angola Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon and Nigeria. With a natural habitat of tropical moist lowland forests, the wood itself has a hardness.

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BRAZILIAN WALNUT

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Originating in central and South America, this wood has a grain that varies from straight to irregular or interlocked. This wood can be used for a number of projects, whether indoor of outdoor.

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SNAKE WOOD

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Particularly prized for the highly figured grain it exhibits. Originating from South America, it is used in a variety of projects requiring tough dense wood. It stands out as one of the most aesthetically unique exotic woods in the world because of its snakish patterns.

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SCHINIPSIS BALANSAE

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A hardwood tree, this tree makes up large area of forest in Argentina and Paraguay. Its wood is extremely hard.

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SAPELE

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Having virtuous durability, solidity, density. Can be used for flooring, furniture, moldings, doors, paneling, conservatories, etc. The fineness of grain is interlocked and sometimes wavy, with a fine invariable quintessence and innate lustier, and propensity for straight grained. It’s much harder than African or American mahogany. Furniture carved out of sapele nature wood is sure to enhance the style of your place.

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KWILA

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A high quality, string and imperishable hardwood. It’s most popular in New Zealand and Australia, high on demand for outdoor furniture, and premium interior finishing. Bring about superior quality, hard wearing flooring and also exceptional for furniture indoors as well as outdoors, adding on to its high durability.

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SPECIES OF SOFTWOOD

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Softwood is lumber that comes from a conifer tree. Buying dimensional lumber, boards that have been cut and dried to standard widths and thicknesses. All solid lumber is susceptible to augmentation and contraction. During rainy or humid months boards may draw in the moisture causing them to expand along their widths, contrary to it, in the drier months they contract as they lose that moisture. It’s typically softer than those hardwood, easy to work with. It’s light, subdued tone gives a raw fineness and minimalist touch to your furniture .grain patterns are loosely held which add on to its undefined comeliness. Its light weight make it tranquil to work with some of its prominent example – pine, spruce, fir etc.

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PINE

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Whenever inquisitive encircling a lumberyard the scent that you smell is pine. The most regular wood you can go for and customarily the most affordable. Pine boards are ordinarily used in construction and framing. Pine is easy to work with. It cuts and sands smoothly, even it’s gentle on blades. It’s tranquil to work with and its acceptance to nails make it the ultimate choice to work with. It’s resistant to decay and rot. It’s aesthetic natural patterns and grains in wood gives a playing sense of sophistication.

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LIGNUM VITAE

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A trade wood, lignum vitae comes from trees of the genus Guaiacum which are indigenous to the Caribbean as well as the mother coast of South America. This wood has been used since 16th century, combining strength, density and toughness.

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PIPTADENIA MACROCARPA

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It comes from a tree natives to areas including Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. Suitable for a variety of construction projects making it surprisingly decent wood.

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PLYWOOD

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Plywood is considered to be the most versatile building materials to be used. With its heterogeneous types it’s all graded up with their own coded designations that describe its superiority. Plywood differs from solid lumber because it’s concoct. This crisscross, gives plywood its solidity and stability. Its thickness gets mindboggling with odd variations but the most regular thickness used in furniture and other woodworking projects.

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Baltic Birch is commonly used. Mostly it’s an aesthetic difference. In US, it’s fairly inexpensive very strong and stable, it won’t wrap serves great option for table top.

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MEDIUM DENSITY FIBRE BOARD (MDF) MDF is habitually used in knockdown furniture, like what you might assemble from IKEA. It’s usually covered with a laminate or veneer. The material itself is super serene to machine and work with, and edge profiles rout out trouble- free, serving as a distinguished option for small embellishing interior projects without worrying about splintering of the wood. Has very smooth surface to work with and most facile for painting. Its smoothness allows to devise prettifying surface and edges.

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BURMA TEAK

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One of the finest and indestructible wood on Palmer earth. It’s unattainable for exterior, furniture, decking, flooring as it’s resistant to rotting, even borer termite and fungus can’t effect it, adding on to its heavy-duty. The strongest, hardest and hard-wearing timber. Golden in color, with straight grain and innate quintessence. It remains stable under changes of temperature and weather. As it’s free from wrapping in drying, so it becomes facile for Pre- treatment process.

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BRAZILIAN EBONY

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A dense, heavy wood originating from Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil. Particularly good for the construction of decking and planking, this wood is not hard and durable but shock-resistant.

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AUSTRALIAN BULOKE

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An ironwood tree that is native to Australia this wood comes from a species of ironwood tree occurring across most of eastern and southern Australia known to be the hardest wood in the world. It yields a weaker compressive strength and modulus of rupture than steel.

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OLIVE WOOD

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An exotic attractive choice combining its pleasing aesthetic with properties including toughness and strength, origin forest of Bermuda, the wood is prominently harvested from Oleo European exotic household furniture can seriously benefit from its presence.

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DALBERGIA WOOD

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Widely valued for decorative and fragrant wood which is rich with aromatic oils while it’s most famous species is rosewood used for high class furniture, plywood, sports goods, bridge piles and railway sleepers, while one of its intensely Blackwood is in exigency for making woodland musical instrument.

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It’s tranquil to work upon due to its high tensile solidity. Adoring to its carving and quirky grainy structure its high in exigency known to have innate resistivity to dry termites, can actually turn it as good as new by re-waxing it or polishing it with shades of your preference.

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MESQUITE WOOD

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Most popular in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona and other parts of the desert region of United States.

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Popularly used in furniture carving around the world, most popular for its rustic picture frame as well as exotic and aesthetic pieces of furniture carved out of mesquite wood . A lot of it is used for furniture and flooring. It’s priced for its stability. Mesquite is one among the few woods that can be used for flooring as it doesn’t have much movement.

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INGLEWOOD

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Much expensive and most popular type of timber commonly used in Africa the wood is also used to fabricate high quality furniture and high quality tools.

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BA CURVED WOOD

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This wood is used to make doors and furniture in South and Central America most of its family species are used for sundry purposes including decorative and musical instrument making and furniture.

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AFRICAN BLACK WOOD GRENADIL

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Found in the areas of Eritrea-Senegal East and Transversal-south which are seasonally dry parts of South Africa, considered to be among the hardest and densest of wood around the globe.

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AGRAWOOD

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Its highly valued and most expensive wood in the world. Having wide range of qualities and products having varied properties with respect to George location, prominently used for small carvings is a valuable heartwood.

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